Divorce, poor material home conditions, and poor maternal management all share one thing: adversity for the child in that home. In a study done by M. Richards and M. E. J. Wadsworth, they found that such adversities at a young age can cause significant problems for cognitive functioning in both the short and long term. The impact on cognitive functioning was seen through less than average measurements of verbal ability, memory, and speed of concentration that continued on to midlife. Adversity at a young age was also linked to lower educational achievement on top of the lower cognitive abilities and cognitive growth. While this study does show cause for concern, it also faces limitations, such as the disproportionate loss to follow-up of those with lower cognitive ability. This is a severe limitation not because it could prove the study inaccurate, but based on the research given it is a cause for concern that they may have underestimated the effects of adversity later in life. This study has proven to us the importance of reducing adversity in young children and the depths in which the adversity can cause long-lasting effects on an individual. With more research we can find ways of reducing the impact adversity has on an individual’s cognitive abilities.